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Sclerotherapy: effective treatment for varicose and spider veins

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sclerotherapy adverse effects recovery - cronos med

Varicose veins and spider veins are unpleasant because they can cause pain, heavy or tired legs, swelling and even more serious complications such as ulcers or thrombosis. They can also affect the appearance of the skin, which can be unsightly and disturbing for some people.


Find out, from the following lines, why sclerotherapy is a useful method of treatment for varicose and spider veins, but also what are the indications and side effects of this type of procedure.

Most common venous diseases


Venous diseases are common problems that can affect the circulatory system. The venous circulatory system is responsible for transporting blood from the lower limbs to the heart. If the valves and walls of the veins are not working properly, this can lead to a build-up of blood in the veins, which can cause various health problems.


The most common venous disorders are the following:


  • varicose veins (varicose veins) - dilated and inflamed veins, most often occurring in the lower limbs;
  • thrombophlebitis - an inflammation of the vein wall, which can lead to blood clots;
  • chronic venous insufficiency - a condition in which the venous valves of the lower limbs do not function properly, which can lead to blood pooling and dilation of the veins;
  • varicose ulcers - open sores that appear on the skin above the area affected by varicose veins;
  • deep vein thrombosis - is the formation of a blood clot inside a vein, most commonly in the lower limbs.

Varicose veins


Varicose veins are inflamed, dilated veins that are the result of poor blood flow and high pressure inside the veins. This phenomenon leads to distension of the veins and the appearance of blood accumulations close to the surface of the skin.

Varicose veins are often bluish or purple in color that can be seen through skin and can be painful and sore. These can be caused by a number of factors, such as pregnancy, obesity, prolonged standing and genetic predisposition.

Although varicose veins are usually not dangerous to your health, they can cause discomfort and can be unsightly. Treatment of varicose veins may involve lifestyle changes, compression therapy, medication or procedures such as sclerotherapy or surgery.


Spider veins (telangiectasias)


Spider veins or telangiectasias are thin, dilated veins that appear close to the surface of the skin and have the appearance of a web or thin, twisted threads. They are usually red, blue or greenish in colour and can extend from the ankle area to the thigh area.


Spider veins are usually less severe than varicose veins and do not require compulsory treatment, but can be unsightly for some patients. They can be caused by a number of factors similar to varicose veins, including heredity, pregnancy period, obesity or spending a long time on your feet.


Treatment for spider veins may include lifestyle modifications, compression therapy, medication or minimally invasive procedures such as sclerotherapy or laser therapy.

What is sclerotherapy


Sclerotherapy is a minimally invasive medical procedure used to treat varicose veins and other superficial venous disorders. The aim of this procedure is to "close" the affected vein by injecting a sclerosing agent, which stops blood flow through the blood vessel.


The sclerosing agent can be a chemical or saline solution, which is injected directly into the vein via a syringe or catheter under ultrasound guidance. After treatment, the affected vein is gradually absorbed by the body.


Sclerotherapy can be performed quickly and painlessly, and the patient can go home immediately after the procedure. Several sessions are usually needed to treat varicose veins, and results may vary, depending on the individual case.


In general, sclerotherapy is considered a safe and effective method for treating varicose and spider veins with minimal risk of complications. However, it is important to discuss the risks and benefits of this procedure with your doctor before scheduling it.

Indications of sclerotherapy


Sclerotherapy is recommended when there are varicose veins or spider veins on the surface of the skin that cause discomfort or are unsightly. It can be an effective and minimally invasive option for treating these vein problems.


So, indications for sclerotherapy may include:


  • varicose veins;
  • veins in a spider's belly;
  • venous insufficiency - sclerotherapy can be used in some mild cases of venous insufficiency;
  • post-thrombotic conditions - sclerotherapy may prove to be useful in post-thrombotic conditions, which may occur after a thrombophlebitic episode.

During the first consultation, the specialist will inquire about your general health, medical history, as well as any other medical problems or medications that might influence the outcome of the procedure. This will help the doctor to determine whether sclerotherapy is the best option for you, as well as the optimal number of sessions.


Get programmed for a consultation at Cronos Med Clinics to find out if sclerotherapy is indicated in your case. Use the form or call 021 9097 and our specialists will help you find the right solution for your needs.

Sclerotherapy side effects


Sclerotherapy is generally a safe and effective procedure for treating varicose veins and spider veins, but there are situations where adverse effects may occur.


These may include:


  • pain or discomfort at the injection site - these are common side effects of sclerotherapy and can be treated with pain medication or cold compresses;
  • swelling at the injection site - usually subsides when taking anti-inflammatory drugs;
  • hyperemia (redness) - may last a few days or weeks, but usually goes away on its own;
  • formation of blood clots - are rare side effects, but can be dangerous. If symptoms such as pain or swelling occur at the injection site, it is advisable to contact your doctor;
  • allergic reactions - occur very rarely, but affected people can be at risk if they do not receive proper care.

It is essential to discuss with your doctor any concerns you have about side effects that may occur after the sclerotherapy procedure. This will help you to make the most informed decision about your proposed treatment for varicose veins or spider veins.


Complications after sclerotherapy


Although sclerotherapy is a generally safe and effective procedure for treating varicose and spider veins, there can be complications.


These may include:


  • allergic reactions - some severe allergic episodes can progress to life-threatening anaphylactic shock;
  • relapse of treated veins - Sometimes, the treated vein may recur after sclerotherapy, requiring a new procedure;
  • appearance of new varicose veins - In rare cases, sclerotherapy can lead to the development of new varicose veins or spider veins.

Complications of sclerotherapy occur in isolated cases, but it is important to carefully monitor each individual case. patientafter each sclerotherapy procedure.

Recovery time after sclerotherapy


The time required for recovery after the sclerotherapy procedure may vary, depending on the individual patient and the size of the surface to which the treatment was applied.


Patients can usually resume normal activities immediately after the procedure. However, some people may experience discomfort, pain or swelling at the injection site, which can last for days or, less commonly, weeks.


There are, however, a number of indications after sclerotherapy, designed to prevent the occurrence of adverse reactions and complications:


  • avoid strenuous physical activity for 24-48 hours after the procedure, depending on recommendations doctor;
  • avoid exposure to the sun or excessive heat for a few days after treatment to prevent erythema or itching;
  • apply ice or cold compresses to the treated area, if necessary, to reduce swelling and pain;
  • do not massage the treated area for a few days after the sclerotherapy procedure;
  • use compression stockings or elastic bandages, as recommended by your doctor. These will help reduce swelling and discomfort;
  • monitor the treated area for signs of infection, such as redness or fever.

Sclerotherapy is a popular and effective treatment procedure for varicose and spider veins, which closes them and reduces their unsightly appearance. However, it is important to note that sclerotherapy is not suitable for all types of veins. Therefore, before deciding to undergo this procedure, it is important to talk to your doctor to make sure that sclerotherapy is an appropriate treatment method for your condition.

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