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Hyperpigmentation spots: how many types there are, why they appear and how to treat them

By February 22, 2023#!30Tue, 11 Jun 2024 09:45:51 +0300p5130#30Tue, 11 Jun 2024 09:45:51 +0300p-9Europe/Bucharest3030Europe/Bucharestx30 11am30am-30Tue, 11 Jun 2024 09:45:51 +0300p9Europe/Bucharest3030Europe/Bucharestx302024Tue, 11 Jun 2024 09:45:51 +0300459456amTuesday=314#!30Tue, 11 Jun 2024 09:45:51 +0300pEurope/Bucharest6#June 11th, 2024#!30Tue, 11 Jun 2024 09:45:51 +0300p5130#/30Tue, 11 Jun 2024 09:45:51 +0300p-9Europe/Bucharest3030Europe/Bucharestx30#!30Tue, 11 Jun 2024 09:45:51 +0300pEurope/Bucharest6#No Comments
hyperpigmentation spots treatment - cronos med

The skin is a reliable helper for each of us, in every circumstance. It serves as a shield against cold, sun or pathogens and defines our physical appearance. It therefore requires constant care and attention.


One of the problems patients have with skin health is the appearance of spots on the hands, body or face. Find out in the following pages what causes pigmentation spots, what treatment methods are available and how you can prevent them.

What are hyperpigmentation spots


The appearance of hyperpigmentation spots, also known as pigmentation spots, is primarily caused by an excess of melanin. But what is melanin and what is its role in the body?


You already know that one of the many traits that dictate the uniqueness of each of us is our skin colour. The main role in this is played by the pigment called melanin. Thus, the higher the concentration of melanin, the darker the skin will be. It is responsible for both hair and eye colour.


Hyperpigmentation does not occur uniformly, however, but on certain areas of the body, the affected area depending, to a large extent, on the causes of the excess melanin.

Hyperpigmentation spots - triggering factors


The causes of excess melanin causing hyperpigmentation of the skin are varied. Among them, we mention the most common:


  • prolonged exposure to the sun or without prior use of a sun protection product;
  • age - with advancing age, dark spots begin to form on the surface of the skin in some people;
  • pregnancy or other hormonal changes;
  • Addison's disease - an autoimmune condition of the adrenal gland, which makes, among other things, sufferers prone to hyperpigmentation of the skin;
  • certain drug treatments - for example, people undergoing chemotherapy may notice hyperpigmentation spots;
  • acne;
  • various traumas, wounds or burns.

Sometimes skin hyperpigmentation can have several causes, not just one, and it is the dermatologist who can correctly identify them.

Types of skin hyperpigmentation


Hyperpigmentation can take many forms, depending on the causes that produce it. Some types of pigmentation spots can be easily identified, while others require specialist consultation. Therefore, the following types of hyperpigmentation spots can be distinguished:


  • solar lentigo (sun spots) - are those pigmentation spots caused by exposure to solar radiation and appear as small discolorations. Sunspots appear mainly in the most exposed areas: on the face, neck and décolleté, shoulders or arms (including the back of the palm);
  • senile lentigo (age spots) - are basically also a form of sunspots, but their appearance is also fuelled by old age. After the age of 50-55, melanocytes (the cells responsible for melanin synthesis) become fewer but increase in volume, making them more active than normal;
  • freckles - Common in many people, regardless of age (except babies), freckles are hyperpigmented brownish spots that appear in clusters and are usually concentrated in the facial area. However, freckles can also be found on the shoulders or arms. There are two possible causes of freckles: sun exposure (when freckles are called ephelides and usually disappear after the sun exposure stops) and genetic inheritance;
  • melasma - named si pregnancy maskMelasma is a form of hyperpigmentation most commonly seen in pregnant women. In addition, it can also occur in other situations, such as hormone replacement treatments, endocrine disorders (for example, thyroid diseases) or treatment with some oral contraceptives;
  • post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation spots (melanosis dobandita) - these pigmentation spots may appear at the end of the healing process of injuries, burns or skin infections. In most cases, this form of hyperpigmentation fades on its own over time, but there may be situations where a visit to the dermatologist is necessary to establish a treatment plan.

Depending on the type and degree of hyperpigmentation identified during the consultation, specialist doctor will recommend the most appropriate method of treatment. Both the affected area and the type of skin are important factors that the specialist takes into account in determining a suitable solution.

Treatment methods for pigmentation spots


Nowadays, there are many treatment methods for skin depigmentation, but it is very important that the therapy chosen by the patient is in accordance with the patient's state of health, without causing unwanted side effects. Therefore, at Cronos Med, each patient benefits from a complete evaluation and personalized treatments. Among the therapies recommended for people with pigmentation spots are the following:


  • vampire therapy - is a minimally-invasive, 100% natural procedure recommended for its regenerative effects on skin and tissue. These characteristics make vampire therapy truly unique, as it uses plasma obtained from the patient's blood, enriched with platelets (growth factors), so side effects are non-existent;
  • chemical peel - this therapy can be achieved in several ways. The most popular is the trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peel, but the side effects it can cause make it ineligible for some patients. A newer method, called PRX-T33 (needle-free biorevitalization), combines TCA, in a low concentration, with hydrogen peroxide and Kojic acid, which makes trichloroacetic acid much less aggressive to the skin;
  • mesotherapy microneedling - involves the use of very small needles. These create microchannels in the dermis, allowing nutrients (vitamins and minerals needed to keep the skin in optimal condition) and depigmentation to penetrate in a controlled manner and in sufficient quantity to deliver results;
  • fractional CO2 laser therapy - is one of the commonly used procedures for the treatment of pigmentation spots. Its mechanism of action is based on the technology laserwhich acts precisely on areas of tissue affected by hyperpigmentation. The results are long-lasting and the risks are minimal, thanks to advanced technology;
Hyperpigmentation of the skin - prevention


The appearance of pigmentation spots on the face or any other area of the body can be unpleasant, as it alters the overall appearance of the skin. And because prevention is always the best treatment, some forms of hyperpigmentation can be avoided by following some simple precautions:


  • avoiding prolonged exposure to the sun;
  • exposure to the sun outside the 12-16 hour interval to avoid harmful radiation;
  • applying a product with a sun protection factor suitable for your skin type;
  • avoid applying cosmetics to the skin or body that may damage or sensitise tissue.
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