Cutaneous papillomas appearing in the facial or cervical area, as well as warts of viral nature are very common skin growths.

 

In order to treat them correctly, it is important to know the causes of their occurrence, the ways in which they are transmitted, which types are most common.

WHAT ARE WARTS AND PAPILLOMAS

Warts are usually caused by a viral HPV infection. They often appear on the fingers or hands. They are usually painful to the touch and the person who develops them is contagious, meaning they can pass them on to others they come into contact with.

On the other hand, papillomas are benign skin tumours and have a pedunculated appearance. They are usually skin-coloured (or hyperpigmented) and appear in the folds (underarm, neck and armpit area), but also on the abdomen, chest and around the eyes. It is worth mentioning that papillomas are asymptomatic, but occasionally they can become painful and can even become infected.

WHAT CAUSES WARTS AND PAPILLOMAS

Warts are transmitted by touch, but do not appear immediately after contact with an infected person, but two to six months after the skin has been exposed to the virus. They are harmless and, in some cases, may disappear on their own. When they don't, they multiply and become extremely unsightly, and when they are located on the nails, for example, they can deform them.

 

Most papillomas are also caused by a virus (from the HPV family, more precisely the human papilloma virus), which is transmitted through human contact (touch). They often appear in adulthood and in very old people. Skin damage plays an important role, but so do a number of conditions such as diabetes, acromegaly, obesity and some thyroid conditions. There are also genetic papillomas (inherited from parents). Papillomas can sometimes be easily confused with other lesions such as various types of moles or a neurofibroma, which is why doctors do not recommend home treatments.

HOW TO TRANSMIT

As mentioned above, warts are contagious and are transmitted either by touching a wart on a person's skin or by contact with surfaces that have been touched by that person. Warts can also spread from one part of the body to another. That's why it's important to wash your hands thoroughly after touching them. Also, if the warts are located on parts of the body where you are used to removing hair with a razor blade, it is best not to use the razor blade on other areas as this can transfer the virus.

PAPILOAMLE

Papillomas are transmitted in a similar way to warts, through direct contact with people who have papillomas or through contact with contaminated objects. It can also be transmitted by autoinoculation, i.e. from a pre-existing lesion, through microtrauma. Transmission of papillomas is also influenced by a number of external factors such as excessive sweating, persistent friction and dry skin. Also, the risk of contracting papillomas increases in popular and less formal settings such as swimming pools, swimming pools, aquatic centres or gyms.

TYPES OF WARTS

Warts can be of several types:
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COMMON WART

These are warts that are usually found on the fingers and toes. However, they can also appear on other areas of the body. Common (or vulgar) warts usually have a granular, rough appearance and rounded tips.

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PLANTAR WARTS

Plantar warts are found on the sole of the foot and, unlike other types, develop in the skin, not on top of the skin. They are very painful.

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VERUCILE PLANE

This type of wart develops on the face, upper hands, arms and thighs. They are small, skin-coloured and flat (flattened, smooth), so they cannot be noticed immediately. In some cases they may also be pink, yellowish or brownish.

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THREADWORM

These are found around the nose and mouth and sometimes under the chin and on the neck. They are small and shaped like long (hanging) skin-coloured growths.

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PERIUNGUAL WARTS

Periungual warts grow under and around nails (both fingernails and toenails). They can be very painful and can affect nail growth, and in some cases deform nails.

TYPES OF PAPILLOMAS

Papillomas are of two kinds: exophytes and endophytes.

The difference between them is the following: exophytic papillomas are more elongated and are located on the surface of the skin, while endophytic papillomas tend to grow deep into the epithelial layers.

DIAGNOSTIC

The diagnosis of warts and papillomas can only be made by the dermatologist. In general, papillomas can easily be mistaken for moles because they look similar, so it's always a good idea to visit your dermatologist.

 

In addition, treatment methods are different from case to case, so don't try any form of self-diagnosis, always the best idea is to make an appointment with your doctor and get the specialist's opinion. Especially since, if traumatised, certain types of papillomas, for example, can become malignant.

TREATMENT

In the case of warts, the following treatment methods are usually used:

 

  • Salicylic acid. It is available without a prescription (in liquid or patch form) and is very effective in removing warts.
  • Special adhesive tapes. These are strips that you can find in pharmacies and that your doctor will recommend to you, after consultation and assessment. The results are visible in about two weeks, but complete disappearance can take up to a month.
  • Cryotherapy. This treatment uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the wart and sometimes it may be necessary to repeat the procedure.
  • The lock. This procedure involves the doctor removing the wart with a curved blade, but only after a local anaesthetic has been given.
  • Various creams and liquids. These will be recommended by your doctor, and their role is generally to stimulate the immune system in such a way as to eliminate the HPV virus.

At Cronos Med we have safe and effective solutions for the elimination of papillomas:

 

  • Plasma Pen is the most effective method and is done under local anesthesia. The device has a fine tip that triggers a tiny electric arc, called a plasma. This way, each papilloma is removed without risk. It is important, however, that after the procedure, we follow the doctor's recommendations, not to expose ourselves to the sun, and let the peel that forms fall off without breaking it ourselves.
  • Laser removal. This method is more aggressive, but it does not present any risk, and the healing is done without leaving any trace, so you will not need to resort to plastic surgery to correct the scars.
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